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Title: Single-qubit thermometry
Authors: Jevtic, S
Newman, D
Rudolph, T
Stace, TM
Keywords: Thermometry;Qubit;Bosonic bath
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 2015, 91 (1)
Abstract: Distinguishing hot from cold is the most primitive form of thermometry. Here we consider how well this task can be performed using a single qubit to distinguish between two different temperatures of a bosonic bath. In this simple setting, we find that letting the qubit equilibrate with the bath is not optimal, and depending on the interaction time it may be advantageous for the qubit to start in a state with some quantum coherence. We also briefly consider the case that the qubit is initially entangled with a second qubit that is not put into contact with the bath and show that entanglement allows for even better thermometry.
Description: This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI.
This article has been made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund.
ISSN: 1050-2947
Appears in Collections:Brunel OA Publishing Fund
Dept of Mathematics Research Papers

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