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Title: Post-production of holoscopic 3D image
Authors: Abdul Fatah, Obaidullah
Advisors: Sadka, A
Aggoun, A
Keywords: Holoscopic 3D image;3D rendering;Integral imaging;Digital refocusing;Holoscopic 3D depth map
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Holoscopic 3D imaging also known as “Integral imaging” was first proposed by Lippmann in 1908. It facilitates a promising technique for creating full colour spatial image that exists in space. It promotes a single lens aperture for recording spatial images of a real scene, thus it offers omnidirectional motion parallax and true 3D depth, which is the fundamental feature for digital refocusing. While stereoscopic and multiview 3D imaging systems simulate human eye technique, holoscopic 3D imaging system mimics fly’s eye technique, in which viewpoints are orthographic projection. This system enables true 3D representation of a real scene in space, thus it offers richer spatial cues compared to stereoscopic 3D and multiview 3D systems. Focus has been the greatest challenge since the beginning of photography. It is becoming even more critical in film production where focus pullers are finding it difficult to get the right focus with camera resolution becoming increasingly higher. Holoscopic 3D imaging enables the user to carry out re/focusing in post-production. There have been three main types of digital refocusing methods namely Shift and Integration, full resolution, and full resolution with blind. However, these methods suffer from artifacts and unsatisfactory resolution in the final resulting image. For instance the artifacts are in the form of blocky and blurry pictures, due to unmatched boundaries. An upsampling method is proposed that improves the resolution of the resulting image of shift and integration approach. Sub-pixel adjustment of elemental images including “upsampling technique” with smart filters are proposed to reduce the artifacts, introduced by full resolution with blind method as well as to improve both image quality and resolution of the final rendered image. A novel 3D object extraction method is proposed that takes advantage of disparity, which is also applied to generate stereoscopic 3D images from holoscopic 3D image. Cross correlation matching algorithm is used to obtain the disparity map from the disparity information and the desirable object is then extracted. In addition, 3D image conversion algorithm is proposed for the generation of stereoscopic and multiview 3D images from both unidirectional and omnidirectional holoscopic 3D images, which facilitates 3D content reformation.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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