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Title: Identification and pharmacological inactivation of the MYCN gene network as a therapeutic strategy for neuroblastic tumor cells
Authors: Chayka, O
D'Acunto, CW
Middleton, O
Arab, M
Sala, A
Keywords: MYC;Human cancer;Neuroblastoma;MYCN
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.
Citation: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2015, 290 (4), pp. 2198 - 2212
Abstract: The MYC family of transcription factors consists of three well characterized members, c-MYC, L-MYC, and MYCN, deregulated in the majority of human cancers. In neuronal tumors such as neuroblastoma, MYCN is frequently activated by gene amplification, and reducing its expression by RNA interference has been shown to promote growth arrest and apoptosis of tumor cells. From a clinical perspective, RNA interference is not yet a viable option, and small molecule inhibitors of transcription factors are difficult to develop. We therefore planned to identify, at the global level, the genes interacting functionally with MYCN required to promote fitness of tumor cells facing oncogenic stress. To find genes whose inactivation is synthetically lethal to MYCN, we implemented a genome-wide approach in which we carried out a drop-out shRNA screen using a whole genome library that was delivered into isogenic neuroblastoma cell lines expressing or not expressing MYCN. After the screen, we selected for in-depth analysis four shRNAs targeting AHCY, BLM, PKMYT1, and CKS1B. These genes were chosen because they are directly regulated by MYC proteins, associated with poor prognosis of neuroblastoma patients, and inhibited by small molecule compounds. Mechanistically, we found that BLM and PKMYT1 are required to limit oncogenic stress and promote stabilization of the MYCN protein. Cocktails of small molecule inhibitors of CKS1B, AHCY, BLM, and PKMYT1 profoundly affected the growth of all neuroblastoma cell lines but selectively caused death of MYCN-amplified cells. Our findings suggest that drugging the MYCN network is a promising avenue for the treatment of high risk, neuroblastic cancers.
Description: This research was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Olesya Chayka, Cosimo Walter D’Acunto, Odette Middleton, Maryam Arab, and Arturo Sala. Identification and Pharmacological Inactivation of the MYCN Gene Network as a Therapeutic Strategy for Neuroblastic Tumor Cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2015; Vol 290 (4) :pp. 2198 - 2212. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
This article has been made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Brunel OA Publishing Fund
Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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