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Title: Finite-Element Analysis of Shear-off Failure of Keyed Dry Joints in Precast Concrete Segmental Bridges
Authors: Shamass, R
Zhou, X
Alfano, G
Keywords: Concrete bridges;Failure modes;Finite element method;Girder bridge;Joints;Precast concrete;Shear;Shear failures;Shear strength
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Citation: Journal of Bridge Engineering, 2014
Abstract: The structural behaviour of precast concrete segmental bridges is largely dependent on the behaviour of the joints between segments. The current practice is to use small keys that are usually unreinforced, distributed over the height of the web and the flange of concrete segments and these keys are normally dry. In this study, a numerical analysis model was established based on ABAQUS finite element code to investigate structural behaviour of keyed dry joints under direct shear. The concrete damage plasticity model along with the pseudo-damping scheme were incorporated to analyse the system for microcracks and to stabilize the solution, respectively. The numerical model is calibrated by full-scale experimental results published elsewhere. It was found that the predicted ultimate load, cracking evolution history, and final crack pattern agree reasonably well with experiment results. The validated numerical model was then employed for parametric study on factors affecting shear behaviour of keyed dry joints, in this case confining pressure. It has been found that shear capacity predicted by AASHTO diverges from that predicted by numerical analysis at high confining pressure because the contribution of friction in the total shear capacity reduces with the increase in confining pressure. Hence, it is recommended to reduce the friction coefficient used in AASHTO code when high confining pressure is applied. Moreover, the propagation of inclined crack is arrested at high confining pressure due to the fact that the fracture propagation direction is governed by the criterion of the maximum energy release rate.
Description: This article has been made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund.
ISSN: 1943-5592
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering
Brunel OA Publishing Fund

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