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|Title:||‘Palestinian Collaboration with the British: the Peace Bands and the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936-39’|
|Keywords:||Collaboration;Resistance;Attentisme;Peace gangs;Peace bands;Pacification;Counter-insurgency;Yatta;Nashashibis;Husaynis;Mufti;Imperial policing;Gilbert MacKereth;Fakhri ‘Abd el-Hadi|
|Citation:||Journal of Contemporary History, 51(2), pp. 291–315, (2016)|
|Abstract:||This essay examines an aspect of British counter-insurgency in Palestine in the 1930s during the Arab revolt there against British colonial rule and Jewish settlement: the pro-British, anti-rebel Palestinian militia “peace bands,” associated with the Palestinian Nashashibi family and raised with British and Jewish military and financial assistance, and with support from the British Consul in Damascus, Gilbert MacKereth. Using Hebrew, Arabic and untapped local British regimental sources, it details how the British helped to raise the peace bands and the bands’ subsequent activities in the field; it assesses the impact of the bands on the course of the Arab revolt; and it sets out the views of the British Army towards those willing to work with them. In doing this, it extends the recent thesis of Hillel Cohen on Palestinian collaboration with Zionists to include the British and it augments the useful but dated work of Yehoshua Porath and Yuval Arnon-Ohanna on the subject. Such a study is significant for our understanding of British methods of imperial pacification methods, especially the British Army’s manipulation during colonial unrest of “turned” insurgents as a “loyalist” force against rebels, an early form of “pseudo” warfare. The collaboration by Palestinians resonates with broader histories of imperial and neo-imperial rule, it extends military histories on colonial pacification methods, and it provides rich, new texture on why colonial subjects resisted and collaborated with the emergency state, using the Palestinians as a case study.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Politics, History and Law Research Papers|
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