Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/8174
Title: Benzotriazole is antiestrogenic in vitro but not in vivo
Authors: Harris, CA
Routledge, EJ
Schaffner, C
Brian, JV
Giger, W
Sumpter, JP
Keywords: Benzotriazole;Antiestrogenic;Fathead minnow;Yeast screen;Anticorrosive
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Wiley & Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Press (SETAC)
Citation: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26(11), 2367 - 2372, 2007
Abstract: Benzotriazole (BT) is an anticorrosive agent well known for its use in aircraft deicing and antifreeze fluids but also used in dishwasher detergents. It is highly persistent in the environment; therefore, BT is frequently found in runoff emanating from large airports as well as in the surrounding groundwater. In addition, BT has recently been found to be ubiquitous in Swiss wastewater treatment plant effluents and their receiving waters; however, very little chronic toxicity data is available on which to base a sound ecological risk assessment of this chemical. In vitro assays conducted using a recombinant yeast (anti-) estrogen assay indicated that BT possessed clear antiestrogenic properties. This chemical was approximately 100-fold less potent than Tamoxifen, which was used as a positive control. A subsequent in vivo study, however, involving analysis of vitellogenin induction and somatic indices in adult fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to BT at concentrations of 10, 100, and 1,000 μg/L for two weeks showed no evidence of antiestrogenic activity by this compound. The possibility exists that higher concentrations of BT may yet induce the type of activity observed in vitro, although the concentrations used here already far exceed those reported in surface-water samples. Furthermore, adverse effects may be observed in fish or other organisms exposed to BT for a longer period than employed here, although such studies are costly and unlikely to be included in standard risk assessment procedures. A rigorous investigation of the chronic toxicity of BT is imperative.
Description: Copyright © 2007 SETAC. This is the accepted version of the following article: Harris et al (2007), "Benzotriazole is antiestrogenic in vitro but not in vivo", Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26(11), 2367–2372, which has been published in final form at the link below.
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/06-587R.1/abstract
http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/8174
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1897/06-587R.1
ISSN: 0730-7268
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