Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/5713
Title: Microarray image processing: A novel neural network framework
Authors: Zineddin, Bachar
Advisors: Wang, Z
Liu, X
Keywords: Cellular neural networks;Image segmentation;Image reconstruction
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University, School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics
Abstract: Due to the vast success of bioengineering techniques, a series of large-scale analysis tools has been developed to discover the functional organization of cells. Among them, cDNA microarray has emerged as a powerful technology that enables biologists to cDNA microarray technology has enabled biologists to study thousands of genes simultaneously within an entire organism, and thus obtain a better understanding of the gene interaction and regulation mechanisms involved. Although microarray technology has been developed so as to offer high tolerances, there exists high signal irregularity through the surface of the microarray image. The imperfection in the microarray image generation process causes noises of many types, which contaminate the resulting image. These errors and noises will propagate down through, and can significantly affect, all subsequent processing and analysis. Therefore, to realize the potential of such technology it is crucial to obtain high quality image data that would indeed reflect the underlying biology in the samples. One of the key steps in extracting information from a microarray image is segmentation: identifying which pixels within an image represent which gene. This area of spotted microarray image analysis has received relatively little attention relative to the advances in proceeding analysis stages. But, the lack of advanced image analysis, including the segmentation, results in sub-optimal data being used in all downstream analysis methods. Although there is recently much research on microarray image analysis with many methods have been proposed, some methods produce better results than others. In general, the most effective approaches require considerable run time (processing) power to process an entire image. Furthermore, there has been little progress on developing sufficiently fast yet efficient and effective algorithms the segmentation of the microarray image by using a highly sophisticated framework such as Cellular Neural Networks (CNNs). It is, therefore, the aim of this thesis to investigate and develop novel methods processing microarray images. The goal is to produce results that outperform the currently available approaches in terms of PSNR, k-means and ICC measurements.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/5713
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