Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/4796
Title: Surprise and schema strength
Authors: Schützwohl, A
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory and Cognition, 24(5): 1182-1199, Sep 1998
Abstract: Through 4 experiments, the author investigated the effects of stimuli discrepant with schemas of varying strength on 3 components of surprise: the interruption of ongoing activities (indexed by response time increase), the focusing of attention on the schema-discrepant event (indexed by memory performance), and the feeling of surprise (indexed by self-reports). Response times were consistently found to increase with schema strength. This effect was attributed to the increasing difficulty of schema revision. In contrast, memory for the schema-discrepant event was not affected by schema strength, supporting the hypothesis that schema-discrepant stimuli are stored in memory with a distinct tag. Finally, self-reports of surprise intensity varied with schema strength only if they were made immediately after the surprising event without any intervening questions, suggesting that self-reports of surprise are highly susceptible to memory distortions.
Description: The official published version can be accessed through the link below.
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6X09-46P4R5W-1V&_user=545641&_coverDate=09%2F30%2F1998&_rdoc=7&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_origin=browse&_zone=rslt_list_item&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%237209%231998%23999759994%23337235%23FLP%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=7209&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=16&_acct=C000027918&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=545641&md5=a537c7c0ca3b734165104823f08be4ee&searchtype=a
http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/4796
ISSN: 0278-7393
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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