Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/11692
Title: A study of grip strength among 20–49 year old British adults and comparison to existing norms.
Authors: Wozny, R
Pratt, AL
Periera, CA
Keywords: Grip strength;Jamar;Dynamometry;Normative data;Ethnicity
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Citation: Hand Therapy, 20 (4), pp. 115-123, (2015)
Abstract: Introduction Hand grip strength is frequently assessed to evaluate interventions or guide treatment. When using calibrated equipment in a standardised method hand held dynamometry is a reliable measure for hand grip strength and can be compared to normative data. However, existing British grip strength normative data was published 20 years ago. Methods A non-experimental quantitative study was carried out to establish if existing UK hand grip norms and consolidated multinational norms were representative of today’s 20-49 year old British adults population. The methodology used was modelled on a previous British study using the mean Jamar dynamometer maximal grip strengths and reported within age bands. Results One hundred and thirty-five healthy British citizens of various ethnicities between 20-49 years were recruited. Grip strength decreased in comparison to the existing British normative data for both males and females in all age bands. A significant difference exists (p<.05) for male right hand aged 40-44 years and right and left hands for women 25-29 years and 45-49 years. Significant differences was also noted in 5 and 8 of the 12 multinational means for men and women respectively. Discussion Due to small sample size, the ability of this study to demonstrate a significant difference in mean grip strength to the earlier British norms is low. However, a small increase in sample size may have resulted in further significant differences with both studies. Thus, suggesting a larger study taking into consideration ethnicity is recommended to ensure valid and reliable grip strength norms are used in practice.
URI: http://hth.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/08/24/1758998315599792.full.pdf+html
http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/11692
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1758998315599792
ISSN: 1758-9991
Appears in Collections:Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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