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|Title:||The phylogenetic signature underlying ATP synthase c-ring compliance|
|Keywords:||ATP synthase;c-Ring;Phylogenetic signature|
|Citation:||Biophysical Journal, 109 (5): 975 - 987, (2015)|
|Abstract:||The proton-driven ATP synthase (FoF1) is comprised of two rotary, stepping motors (Fo and F1) coupled by an elastic power transmission. The elastic compliance resides in the rotor module that includes the membrane-embedded FO c-ring. Proton transport by FO is firmly coupled to the rotation of the c-ring relative to other FO subunits (ab2). It drives ATP synthesis. We used a computational method to investigate the contribution of the c-ring to the total elastic compliance. We performed principal component analysis of conformational ensembles built using distance constraints from the bovine mitochondrial c-ring X-ray structure. Angular rotary twist, the dominant ring motion, was estimated to show that the c-ring accounted in part for the measured compliance. Ring rotation was entrained to rotation of the external helix within each hairpin-shaped c-subunit in the ring. Ensembles of monomer and dimers extracted from complete c-rings showed that the coupling between collective ring and the individual subunit motions was independent of the size of the c-ring which varies between organisms. Molecular determinants were identified by covariance analysis of residue co-evolution and a structural alphabet based local dynamics correlations. The residue co-evolution gave a read-out of subunit architecture. The dynamic couplings revealed that the hinge for both ring and subunit helix rotations was constructed from the proton-binding site and the adjacent glycine motif (IB-GGGG) in the mid-membrane plane. IB-GGGG motifs were linked by long-range couplings across the ring, while intra-subunit couplings connected the motif to the conserved cytoplasmic loop and adjacent segments. The correlation with principal collective motions shows that the couplings underlie both ring rotary and bending motions. Non-contact couplings between IB-GGGG motifs matched the co-evolution signal as well as contact couplings. The residue co-evolution reflects the physiological importance of the dynamics that may link proton transfer to ring compliance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Computer Science Research Papers|
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