Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/10875
Title: Children and older adults exhibit distinct sub-optimal cost-benefit functions when preparing to move their eyes and hands
Authors: Gonzalez, CC
Mon-Williams, M
Burke, MR
Keywords: Children;Young adults;Age groups;Cognition;Reaction time;Eye movement;Elderly;Eye
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS ONE, 10(2): e0117783, (February 2015)
Abstract: Numerous activities require an individual to respond quickly to the correct stimulus. The provision of advance information allows response priming but heightened responses can cause errors (responding too early or reacting to the wrong stimulus). Thus, a balance is required between the online cognitive mechanisms (inhibitory and anticipatory) used to prepare and execute a motor response at the appropriate time. We investigated the use of advance information in 71 participants across four different age groups: (i) children, (ii) young adults, (iii) middle-aged adults, and (iv) older adults. We implemented 'cued' and 'non-cued' conditions to assess age-related changes in saccadic and touch responses to targets in three movement conditions: (a) Eyes only; (b) Hands only; (c) Eyes and Hand. Children made less saccade errors compared to young adults, but they also exhibited longer response times in cued versus non-cued conditions. In contrast, older adults showed faster responses in cued conditions but exhibited more errors. The results indicate that young adults (18 -25 years) achieve an optimal balance between anticipation and execution. In contrast, children show benefits (few errors) and costs (slow responses) of good inhibition when preparing a motor response based on advance information; whilst older adults show the benefits and costs associated with a prospective response strategy (i.e., good anticipation).
Description: "© 2015 Gonzalez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited"
URI: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0117783
http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/10875
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117783
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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